Observable Framework View source

2024-04-13 Mutable

Ref. https://talk.observablehq.com/t/cant-define-update-a-mutable/9139

Generally speaking, a Mutable should be declared in a page, not in a component. All reactive state in Observable lives at the page level. You can pass state values (and mutators) into components when rendering, but components can’t define their own internal reactive state.

So, more commonly you’d declare the Mutable in your page like so:

const isLoggedIn = Mutable(false);
const setLoggedIn = (value) => isLoggedIn.value = value;

Then you can have components that receive either isLoggedIn or setLoggedIn as props. For example, this one displays the current status:

import {html} from "npm:htl";

export function UserStatus({isLoggedIn}) {
  return html`You are currently ${isLoggedIn ? "logged in" : "logged out"}.`

And this one mutates it:

import {html} from "npm:htl";

export function UserActions({setLoggedIn}) {
  return html`<div>
    <button onclick=${() => setLoggedIn(true)}>Sign in</button>
    <button onclick=${() => setLoggedIn(false)}>Sign out</button>

To use these components on the page, first import them:

import {UserActions} from "./UserActions.js";
import {UserStatus} from "./UserStatus.js";

Then say: